|Colonel Rémy - French Resistance Hero's Anniversary Today
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|Author:||Katie [ Sun Jul 29, 2012 2:59 pm ]|
|Post subject:||Colonel Rémy - French Resistance Hero's Anniversary Today|
This man is one of my heroes and to be sure one of many others.
Renault not only wrote many books on his experiences during and after the war but also wrote books on the faith and on Fatima. If anyone is offering to translate some of his books not yet in English I am happy to be a taker. If anyone has any further information on Colonel Rémy please contribute.
Gilbert Renault (August 6, 1904 – July 29, 1984) was known during the French Resistance under the name Colonel Rémy. He is one of the most famous secret agents of occupied France during the Second World war, and was known under various pseudonyms such as Raymond, Jean-Luc, Morin, Watteau, Roulier, Beauce and Rémy.
Gilbert Renault was born in Vannes, France, the oldest child of a Catholic family of nine children. His father was a professor of Philosophy and English, and later the inspector general of an insurance company. He went to the Collège St-François-Xavier in Vannes, and after his studies he went to the Rennes faculty.
A sympathizer of French Action in the Catholic and Nationalist line, he began his career at the Bank of France in 1924. In 1936, he began cinematic production and finances, and made J'accuse, a new version of the Abel Gance film. It was a resounding failure, but the many connections Renault made during this period were very useful during the resistance.
With armistice declared of June 18, 1940, he refused to accept Marshal Philippe Pétain and went to London with one of his brothers, on board a trawler which departed from Lorient. He was one of the first men to adhere to the calls of General Charles de Gaulle, and was entrusted by Colonel Passy, then captain and chief of the BCRA, to create an information network in France.
In August of that year he met with Louis de La Bardonnie, and together they created the Notre-Dame Brotherhood, which would become NDT-Castille in 1944. Initially centered on the Atlantic coast, it ended up covering much of occupied France and Belgium. This network was one of the most important in the occupied zone, and its information allowed many military successes, as the attack on Bruneval and Saint-Nazaire.
Convinced that it was necessary to mobilize all forces against the occupation, he put the French Communist Party in touch with the exiled government of Free France in January 1943. Gilbert Renault later admitted it was Pierre Brossolette who got him in touch with political groups and trade unions.
Awarded the Ordre de la Libération on March 13, 1942, he became a member of the executive committee of the Rally of the French People (RPF) from its creation, in charge of trips and demonstrations. He appeared in Carrefour, April 11, 1950, in an article entitled 'La justice et l'opprobre' (Justice and the Opprobrium), in which he preached the rehabilitation of Marshall Pétain. A short time afterwards, he adhered to the Association of defense of the memory of Marshall Pétain (ADMP). Repudiated by de Gaulle, he resigned from the RPF.
He settled in Portugal in 1954 and returned to France in 1958 to be placed at de Gaulle's disposal, who refused. He was also very active from this time onwards in various associations, including ultra-conservative Catholic networks.
He died in Guingamp, France, in 1984.
Renault wrote many works on his activities in the Resistance. Under the name of Rémy (one of his pseudonyms in clandestinity), he published his Mémoires d'un agent secret de la France libre et La Ligne de démarcation (adapted for cinema by Claude Chabrol in 1966), which are regarded as important testimonies on the French Resistance.
He had the writer Jean Cayrol under his orders.
Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur
Compagnon de la Libération - décret du 13 mars 1942
Croix de guerre 1939-1945
Médaille de la Résistance avec rosette
Distinguished Service Order (G.B.)
Officer of the Order of the British Empire (G.B.)
Officer of the Legion of Merit (U.S.)
Officier de la Couronne de Belgique
Croix de Guerre Belge
Commandeur du Mérite (Luxembourg)
Around 1993, a street in Caen (France) was named after Colonel Rémy, in a district close to the Mémorial pour la Paix museum, where a majority of streets commemorate personalities linked with the Second World War, the Résistance, and the subsequent making of the European Community.
1946 - 1950 : Mémoires d'un agent secret de la France libre, Raoul Solar
Volume 1, Mémoires d'un agent secret de la France libre (juin 1940-juin 1942)
Volume 2, Le livre du courage et de la peur T.1 (juin 1942-novembre 1943)
Volume 3, Le livre du courage et de la peur T.2 (juin 1942-novembre 1943)
Volume 4, Comment meut un réseau (novembre 1943-août 1944)
Volume 5, Une affaire de trahison
Volume 6, Les mains jointes (1944)
Volume 7, …Mais le temple est bâti (1944-1945)
(Reorganized in the posterior editions):
Volume 1, Le Refus
Volume 2, Les Soldats du silence
Volume 3, La Délivrance)
1947 : De Gaulle cet inconnu, Raoul Solar
1948 : La Nuit des oliviers, Raoul Solar
1949 : Le Monument, Fayard
1949 : Nous sommes ainsi faits, Chavane
1950 : La Justice et l'opprobre, suivi d'une note sur l'intolérance, Editions du Rocher
1951 : On m'appelait Rémy, Plon
1952 : Réseaux d'ombre, Éditions France-Empire
1952 : Le Messie, Editions du Rocher
1953 : Profil d'un espion, Plon
1953 : Pourpre des martyrs, Fayard
1953 : Un architecte de Dieu, le père François Pallu, Fayard
1953 : Œuvres libres, Fayard
1954 : Leur calvaire, Fayard
1954 : Passeurs clandestins, Fayard
1954 : L'Opération "Jéricho", Éditions France-Empire
1955 : Goa, Rome de l'Orient, Éditions France-Empire
1956 : Les Caravelles du Christ, Plon
1956 : Les Mains revêtues de lumière, Plon
1957 : Fatima, espérance du Monde, Plon
1957 : Portugal, Hachette
1959 : Dix marches vers l'Espoir, Presses de la Cité
1960 : De sang et de chair, Le livre contemporain
1960 : Le monocle noir, Hachette
1961 : Le Joueur de flute, Presses de la Cité
1961 : Catéchisme de la patrie, Éditions France-Empire
1961 : J.A. épisodes de la vie d'un agent du S.R. et du contre-espionnage français, Galic (J.A. sont les initiales de Jacques Abtey)
1962 : Le Monocle passe et gagne, Hachette
1962 : Les Balcons de Tulle, Librairie académique Perrin
1963 : La grande prière de Chartres, Dimanche 29 Septembre 1963, Histoire du pèlerinage mational pour la réconciliation dans la justice et la compréhension mutuelle, France-empire
1963 : La Dernière carte, Presses de la cité
1963 : Comment devenir agent secret, Albin Michel
1964 : Compagnons de l'Honneur, France-Empire, Paris
1964 - 1976 : La Ligne de démarcation, Librairie académique Perrin (21 volumes)
1967 : Réseau Comète, Librairie académique Perrin
1968 : Bruneval, Opération coup de croc, France-Empire
1968 : Le Déjeuner de la croix de Vernuche, Librairie académique Perrin
1968 : La Maison d'Alphonse, Perrin, 1968
1969 : Autour de la plage Bonaparte, suite de «la Maison d'Alphonse, Perrin
1969 : Le Pianiste, Éditions France-Empire
1969 : Et l'Angleterre sera détruite, Éditions France-Empire
1971 : Dans l'ombre du maréchal, Presses de la cité
1971 : Dix ans avec de Gaulle, 1940 - 1950, Éditions France-Empire, Paris
1972 : Avec l'oflag VIII F, Presses de la Cité
1973 : Le Schloss ou l'évadé malgré lui, Éditions France-Empire
1974 : Avec les Ch'timis : en souvenir du réseau Sylvestre Farmer,ex W.O., France-Empire
1974 : Mission Marathon, Librairie académique Perrin
1974 : Trente ans après - 6 Juin 1944 / 6 Juin 1974, Librairie Académique Perrin
1974 - 1975 : Les Français dans la Résistance, Famot (29 Volumes : En Lorraine, En Provence, En Bretagne, A Paris et dans la Région Parisienne, En Aquitaine, En Auvergne, Limousin, Berry, En Champagne Ardennes, En Languedoc Roussillon, En Alsace et Vosges, Dans le Nord, Dans le Lyonnais, En Normandie, En Dauphiné Savoie, En Corse, T. 2, En Anjou, Touraine, Orléanais, T. 1, En Bourgogne Franche-Comté, T. 1...)
1975 : Missions secrètes, Famot
1975 : Morhange. Les chasseurs de traites, Flammarion
1976 : Le 18e jour : la tragédie de Léopold III, Roi des Belges, France-Empire
1976 : Combats dans l'ombre, Idégraf
1978 : Rognes et grognes du Général - 1940-1944, Versoix
1979 : Histoire du débarquement, Vernoy
1979 : Secrets et réussites de l'espionnage français, Famot
1979 : Une épopée de la Résistance : en France, en Belgique et au Grand Duché du Luxembourg, Paris
1979 : La Résistance a commencé le 3 septembre 1939, Plon
1979 - 1983 : Chronique d'une guerre perdue, France-empire
Volume 1, L'Entre-Deux-Guerre
Volume 2, Le 10 Mai 1940
Volume 3, Sedan
Volume 4, De la Norvège aux Flandres
Volume 5, La Bataille de France
Volume 6, Fors l'Honneur
1981 : De sang et de chair, Édito-service
1981 : Combattre jusqu'au bout, Plon
1981 : La résistance en France 1940-1945, Collet
1982 : Mes grands hommes et quelques autres, Grasset
1984 : La Résistance à vingt ans, Ouest France
1984 : La Seconde guerre mondiale : la Résistance, Éd. Christophe Colomb
1986 : La Résistance, Hatier
Excerpted from Wikidpedia...disclaimer as to 100% accuracy as with all Wikid articles I post.
|Author:||Katie [ Mon Jul 30, 2012 5:31 am ]|
|Post subject:||Re: Colonel Rémy - French Resistance Hero's Anniversary Tod|
Here is an excerpt from some correspondence years ago from John Daly.
I have both read two volumes of his fascinating war-time memoirs. I have also discussed him with Fr Belmont who knows rather more about him.
Incredibly courageous and perceptive and good man, who was given what passed for a Catholic education in the France of his day, but wasn't one, and succeeded, gradually, over a lifetime, in correcting a large part of the omissions, illusions and errors, but probably not all, and hence is not 100% trustworthy. How's that for a summary?
Throughout the war he worked in dangerous espionage missions for the resistance, headed by de Gaulle. So far I have no problem. He at the time admired and liked de Gaulle and detested Marshal Pétain as a traitor. That is a problem. But after the war, restudying the issues, he came to see that his own view, then the popular and only politically correct one in France, had been wrong and that Pétain was not a traitor and de Gaulle a very flawed hero. That is the stage he was at when he wrote the memoirs we have read and his conversion on these points, to which he constantly alludes, is very edifying. However, he recounts without batting an eyelid (a) the fact that he carried cyanide in order to kill himself, if taken, to avoid running the risk of betrayal, and (b) that he transmitted money to communists to assassinate German soldiers (who at the time were not enemy troops in occupied France after the armistice signed by the head of state). I don't know how much of this he cleared up later on. He was a traditionalist in the 70s and I don't think he lived longer than that. A friend of my hero Fr Berto, who may have succeeded in getting some doctrine into his head.
BTW in the memoirs, not addressed to a Catholic audience, he describes how he airlifted a damaged church statue of Our Lady from France to England during the war, under very dangerous conditions, had it repaired at his own expense and after the war flew it back to France and returned it to its proper place. Couldn't help loving the man for that even if he had done nothing else right in his life.
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